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11 Articles in Volume 13, Issue #2
Spinal Cord Stimulation: Fundamentals
Assessment of Psychological Screeners for Spinal Cord Stimulation Success
Educating Patients About Pain Medications
Central Sensitization: Common Etiology In Somatoform Disorders
Demystifying Pain Pathways
Vibroacoustic Harp Therapy in Pain Management
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate and C-Reactive Protein: Old But Useful Biomarkers for Pain Treatment
Editor's Memo: Inflammatory Disease—Time to Refine Our Diagnoses
Ask the Expert: Pain Persists in Spite of High-dose Opioids
Ask the Expert: Rectally Administered Morphine
Letters to the Editor: Mistaken Hormone, Lab Values

Spinal Cord Stimulation: Fundamentals

Interventional pain specialists offer an overview of spinal cord stimulation (dorsal column neuromodulation) fundamentals that referring physicians can use in clinical practice.
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The Future

The future of SCS/neuromodulation looks promising with the planned technological advances in these devices.37,39,64-66 Both St. Jude Medical and Medtronic have implanted pulse generators and lead devices that allow an adequate power supply for dual lead systems, which extends the life of the pulse generator. In addition, St. Jude Medical has developed a pulse generator that employs a capacitor instead of a battery that is rechargeable by an external radiofrequency-controlled device. With a coordinated program of multivariate treatment protocols, as outlined in this spine-centered orthopedic clinic setting model, further coordinated improvements may facilitate successful long-term outcomes. Further neuromodulation devices and technology should assist in providing further options to be available for this select, but growing, population of chronic pain patients.7,9-11

Last updated on: June 1, 2015