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11 Articles in Volume 7, Issue #9
CES in the Treatment of Addictions: A Review and Meta-Analysis
Chronic Cancer Pain Management
Compliant Billing, Coding and Documentation for Interventional Pain Management
Critical Transition from Short-to-Long-Acting Opioid Therapy
Dextrose Prolotherapy and Pain of Chronic TMJ Dysfunction
Dysfunction and Rehabilitation of the Shoulder
Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) - Part 2
Placebos in Pain Management
The Good Patient: Responsibilities and Obligations of the Patient-physician Relationship
TMJ Derangement and SUNCT Syndrome Co-morbidity
Ziconotide Combination Intrathecal Therapy

Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) - Part 2

A review of seminal works on the theory of non-mechanistic, quantum physics effects of low level energy on biological systems.
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“This month Dr. Murphy discusses the theoretical concepts about how lasers work from the quantum physics perspective. This non-mechanistic view is very interesting. Dr. Mary Dyson, a laser researcher from the U.K. divides the effects of therapeutic laser on body tissues into three types: primary, secondary and tertiary. These tertiary or whole body effects appear to be both biochemical and quantum physical in nature. Quantum tertiary effects are some of the most interesting effects observed in clinical therapeutic laser application.”

William J. Kneebone, CRNA, DC, CNC, DIHom

In the last issue of this journal, I presented a theory concerning the mechanisms of low-level laser therapy, involving the production of ATP as a consequence of photonic alteration of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase enzyme.1 In this article, I present an alternative theory regarding low-level laser therapy.

In 2000, James Oschman, PhD, published Energy Medicine, The Scientific Basis of Bioenergy Therapies.2 In this text, Dr. Oschman explained that the cytoskeletons of all the cells in the body are linked to the connective tissue extracellular matrix. This physical mechanical link exists between the cellular cytoplasmic matrix, the nuclear envelope, the nuclear matrix, and the DNA of the genes/chromosomes. This entire interconnected system is called the “connective tissue–cytoskeleton” matrix.

According to Dr. Oschman’s theory, the entire physical body is interconnected. Energy applied to one part of the system will spread to other parts of the system, including the genome and its genetic expression.

Dr. Oschman notes that communication in living systems involve two main systems:

  • Chemical
  • Energetic
There are two kinds of energetic interactions:
  • Electrical, classic nerve and muscle function
  • Electronic, classic alterations of the tensegrity matrix

Crystalline Matrix Model of Physiology

Biological material is crystalline. This crystalline arrangement generates piezoelectricity and streaming potentials in both hard and soft tissues. Energy applied to the crystalline lattice of the connective tissues generate bioelectric signals that influence local and systemic physiological processes. Dr. Oschman notes, “The entire living matrix forms an electronic and photonic network.”2 In understanding low level laser therapy, Dr. Oschman’s “photonic network” is important. Dr. Oschman further notes:

“Conductors are substances, such as metallic wires, that readily conduct electricity. Insulators are the opposite: they are barriers to the flow of electricity. Semiconductors are between conductors and insulators in terms of their ability to conduct electricity…The proteins of the body are semiconductors…Virtually all of the molecules forming the living matrix are semiconductors.”2

Therefore, molecules do not have to touch to interact, as their energy can flow through electromagnetic fields. The living network is simultaneously a mechanical and electrical continuum. It is a whole-body communication system that is separate from the nervous system, yet it can—and does—influence the thresholds of the nervous system.

The crystalline nature of living tissues dictates that energy applied to one part of the body will affect the whole body. “Molecular electromagnetic communications can account for the rapid and subtle and integrated functioning of living systems.”2

Millions of molecules can communicate with each other in this way, at the speed of light. Additionally, biological systems respond paradoxically to applied energy: in living systems, small amounts of energy can have potent effects, while higher amounts of energy may render little or no response. Oschman states:

“Organisms are poised to respond to minute ‘whispers’ in the electromagnetic environment…Living systems are exquisitely sensitive to low energy signals…Living systems completely defy the logic that larger stimuli should produce larger responses…”2

In other words, when it comes to affecting biological healing responses with electromagnetic fields, a subtle application of energy is far more effective.

The helical molecules of DNA in living systems are piezoelectric semiconductors that respond to energy fields. Dr. Oschman notes that “Proteins carry out all of the vital tasks in living systems, and each protein must fold in a precise way to be most effective.”2 This folding is altered by energy fields and that to deny direct energetic interactions with living molecules “would be to deny the fundamental reaction upon which all life depends.”2

Support for the crystalline matrix model of whole body physiology by Dr. Oschman is found in the writings of Helene Langevin, MD, from the University of Vermont College of Medicine where Dr. Langevin is a Research Associate Professor of Neurology. Below, is a review of her 2006 article titled “Connective tissue: A body-wide signaling network?”3 In her article, Dr. Langevin makes the following points:

Last updated on: February 21, 2011