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Addiction Medicine

When a clinician orders urine drug testing for a patient prescribed chronic opioid therapy (COT), it is essential that the results are interpreted correctly because they often have significant clinical implications. A positive test result showing drugs and/or metabolites found in urine is easily understood.
Benzodiazepines, which first entered the US pharmaceutical market in the early 1960s, fall under the class of drugs referred to as sedative-hypnotics.1 Benzodiazepines possess anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, hypnotic, sedative, muscle relaxant, and amnesic effects.2 They are generally well-tolerated, safe, and effective for short-term use.
Experts answer the question: Can Butrans be used for opioid addiction?
Chronic pain and addiction are frequent comorbidities, creating a therapeutic dilemma for many pain specialists.
Interpreting urine drug tests in pain patients treated with oxycodone requires an understanding that oxymorphone, although considered a minor metabolite, can sometimes equal or exceed urine concentrations of oxycodone.
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