4 Types of Common Migraines

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Traditional Migraine
Affects: 12% of the US population
Feels like: moderate to severe headaches that only affect one side of the head, with “pulsating,” “throbbing,” or “pounding” pain. Physical activity and movement often makes symptoms worse, and the pain may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to light and noise. These symptoms can last from a few hours to a few days, depending on how quickly the migraine is treated.
Treatment: depends on their frequency and severity. Pain-relieving medications typically prescribed or given over-the-counter for mild attacks include aspirin, ibuprofen, and acetaminophen, while triptans may be prescribed to severe sufferers. Opioids and glucocorticoids (eg, prednisone, dexamethasone) may be prescribed as a last resort for those patients for which other treatments have failed or for those who cannot take other medications due to an allergy or secondary condition.
Preventive migraine medications include cardiovascular drugs such as beta-blockers and angiotensin II receptor blockers; antidepressants such as amitriptyline; anti-seizure drugs such as topiramate or valproate; botox injections; and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as naproxen. A new class of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) inhibitors offers an exciting and hopeful development for preventing migraine.