Mistakes Made by Chronic Pain Patients
For the Chronic Pain Patient
There is no question that for you, the person living in chronic pain, life is very difficult and exhausting. In fact, the Greek philosopher Aristotle is reported to have said “Pain upsets and destroys the person who feels it.” However, there are some very important factors that you have to think about relative to learning how to cope and manage your chronic pain. Note that some of these ideas are restated in different ways to help you think about them and how they may help or hinder your progress in pain management treatment.
Mistakes and Pitfalls
- Pain medications should not be used to totally block all of one’s pain.
Many times patients want to ‘chase their pain’ with more and more pain medications only to find that the medications are no longer as effective—even at higher dosages. Medications are helpful but it all depends on how we use them and what we expect from them.
- Not understanding that pain medications will typically help with only about 50-60 percent of the pain.
You have to employ other active self-care techniques to help you manage the pain over time. You should not just rely on your pain medications—or keep hoping that you can continue to increase it and finally block it. That won’t happen. So you have to learn to live with a certain amount of pain and accept this fact of life.
- Using pain medication to ‘do more’ and ‘get through events or projects.’
All this will do is to insure that you will crash and have more problems later. It is critical that you learn to pace yourself and your activities by accepting that you are limited and now have to make adjustments. This is particularly true of patients who have just had surgery, or physical therapy, or even biofeedback techniques. They tend to move too fast in getting back to doing more activities, chores at home, returning to work too soon, and feel they can be their old selves only to end up feeling even worse. In other words, they cause a flare-up in pain and then panic while feeling they have to try even harder. One has to recognize that it is a new start in life—not one that is expected or desired, but one that is forced upon chronic pain patients.
- Taking medications any time that pain is felt.
Medications are best taken on a time-contingent basis—in other words, regular by the clock—if you are to have the best results. Take them as prescribed not just when you feel you need them.
- Taking more pain medication at times of pain flare-ups and then running out of medications later.
After a while, you will have more pain because your body will depend on the medications being there to handle the difficult times. A ‘Rebound Effect’ will occur whereby you will have more pain if you don’t take more pain medications. If you keep increasing medications to get through many bad times, there is a likelihood of more and more flare-ups in pain over time.
- Waiting till the last moment to get your physician to fill your prescription and then getting upset because it is not done right away or on time.
This will only increase the tensions between you and your health care providers. Have a regular plan for how you handle getting refills. Don’t wait until Friday, the weekends, or the evenings, etc.
- Wanting everything to be the way it used to be prior to the injury, pain, or problem.
Everything has changed now and you have to work on grieving over your past abilities and then moving on to find ways of living with your capabilities as they are now, pacing activities, and being more realistic about what you can and cannot do.
- Trying to get everything done when feeling good because you know you will feel bad later.
This insures that you will have even more bad times and many ups and downs with your pain problems.
- Forgetting to take breaks every twenty minutes, to change positions, do something different, or just to rest.
It is easy for time to get away from you and have a few hours pass since you have moved or slowed down.
- Thinking that your physicians will always understand your pain and be available to you when you need him/her.
You are the only one who will really understand your pain problem and your needs. You can communicate them to your health care providers, but it is up to you to work out a realistic plan that will work for you and them. They are not omniscient.
- Thinking that one thing will work to solve it all.
In pain management, as in other types of care, it is usually many things that you have to do to manage problems over time. You have to learn active self-care pain management skills. This is also like learning a new language. It helps to work with a pain management professional such as a pain management psychologist. You can be taught new active self-care skills as part of cognitive behavioral therapy techniques that focus on practical things that can work in every day life.
- Thinking that it will all get better “if I push hard enough and work to get back to where I was before.”
This is a major mistake. You can improve and be more functional, but now some things have changed and you have to learn an entirely new way of handling things.
- Do not avoid getting help from a behavioral pain specialist like a psychologist or clinical social worker who specializes in pain management.
These professionals can help you to learn active pain management skills and techniques. There are many things you can learn that can help you to manage and reduce your pain. The more you think that relief only comes in the form of a pill, the more problems you are going to have over time.
- Thinking that you can’t have a life if you continue in pain.
Many people have pain and go on with their lives. You can too even though it may not be easy. It requires positive and realistic, thinking. Those who do better have been found to have accepted their pain and limitations but nevertheless have decided to refocus and live life even with their limitations.
- Allowing fear to rule your life.
Fear results in more anxiety and avoiding doing anything for fear that you will have more pain. This has been found to lead to even more disability and even more limitations over time. The center of the brain that controls pain is also the same center where your moods (anxiety and depression) are controlled. One can set off the other so you will need help dealing with this issue.
- Not understanding that increasing pain medications may lead to more pain in the long run.
It is important to know that pain medications can have a rebound effect. The body becomes dependent on them and when you ‘run low’ you will have greater pain. For example, research with headache patients shows that stopping pain medications will result in a 75% reduction in pain after three months. At first, things might get worse but over time things will get better.