Genetics, Viruses, and Obesity May Play a Role in Fibromyalgia
Fibromyalgia is a mysterious chronic condition, and it can be very frustrating because no one knows for sure exactly what causes fibromyalgia. However, researchers may have some clues as to what may contribute to a fibromyalgia diagnosis.
Experts know that women are 10 times more likely than men to be diagnosed with fibromyalgia,1 and that fibromyalgia may be linked to a variety of factors, including other health conditions.
Also in this Series
Below are some of the causes that are associated with fibromyalgia.
- Fibromyalgia may be caused by bacterial or viral infections, such as Lyme disease. Vaccinations may also be a possible cause of this disorder.2
- Some research shows that your genes may play a role in developing fibromyalgia, which means that you may be more susceptible to fibromyalgia if someone else in your family has it.2
- Environmental factors, such as too much stress and not dealing with it appropriately, may cause fibromyalgia. Not handling stress effectively can lead to more pain, poor sleeping habits, and poor eating habits.
- Fibromyalgia may be caused by an injury or trauma.
- Obesity may trigger fibromyalgia. Data show that people with fibromyalgia are more likely to be obese or overweight, and fibromyalgia symptoms may be improved by losing weight.3
As with many chronic pain conditions, fibromyalgia typically doesn't have just one main cause. Many factors can contribute to developing fibromyalgia.
Researchers continue to investigate other possible causes of fibromyalgia to gain a better understanding of this chronic condition and to explore treatment options that may help ease fibromyalgia symptoms. Specifically, current research is examining inflammation levels in the body and how that impacts fibromyalgia, as well as why people who have fibromyalgia have an increased sensitivity to pain.
Although the exact cause of fibromyalgia can be difficult to identify, fortunately, there are numerous fibromyalgia treatments that can help you cope with the pain and other symptoms of fibromyalgia.